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Annual Report on the Development of Canada (2015)
2015年06月09日  

Abstract

The Report, probed further into the hot topics of political development, financial status, social governance, foreignpolicy, anti-terrorism as well as civic education in both Canada’s federal and local government.

Generally speaking, the year 2014 witnessed both a smooth transition in Canada’s national politics and a steady development in the country’s domestic economy. Canada’s social employment ratehas been constantly increasing under a relatively stable social environment.With favorable foreign trade situations, Canada signed officially with EU bilateral free trade agreement and push forward steadily the North American Free Trade Agreement. These actions further strengthened Canada’s economictie with Europe and America. Meanwhile, Canada put huge emphasis on itseconomic relationship with China. In September 2014, Canadian government officially approved the Sino-Canadian Financial Investment Protection Agreement. This agreement bears huge significance in promoting the two country’s bilateral trade and energy cooperation. Whereas in spite of the accomplishments, Canada’s foreign relations was also obstructed by some other factors. The country’s economy development was challenged by a shrinking domestic market, continuously falling oil price, and a constantly rising government deficit. Harper’s inappropriate measures in balancing the country’s economy development and environment protection in recent years has caused hugep olitical pressure to the government. All these factors forced Canada to make adjustments to its foreign policy. Canada’s mild national image of “a neutral state” has gradually been overturned. In handling its relationship with China, Canada kept pace with United States and held much disagreement with China in network security. Given the huge difference in the two country’s social ideology and political regime, the Sino-Canadian political relationship in the present international environment is full of twists and turns, uncertainty and unsteadiness.

 

 

 

Contents

 

B  General Report

B.1 2014-2015 Canadian Development:Retrospect and Prospect.........................................................Yonglin Cheng/001

B  Reports on Political Subjects

B.2 Analysis to the Changes of Canada’s Political Parties and Political Situation in 2014 and an Outlook into the General
Election in 2015.........................................................................................................................................
Zhao
Bo/0
34

B.3 The Status Quo and Prospects of Political Participation by Chinese Canadians: A Case Studyof Local Elections in
2013-2014.......................................................................................................................................
Wan
Xiaohong/0
56

B  Reports on Economic Subjects

B.4 Canada’s Economic Development Situation and Macroeconomic Policy..........Huang Lianxiong, Huang Jiaying/077

B.5 Research on Governance Mechanism of Air Pollution in Canada.............................................................Cai Lan/098

B.6 Analysis to the Sino-Canada Trade Situation and Trade Structure in 2014.............................................Chen Jian/115

B  Reports on Social Subjects

B.7 Analysis of the Development History of Canada’s Immigration Policy and its Changing Tendency........Liu Yuzhen/141

B.8 The Overview of Canadian Current Domestic and Foreign CSR Regulations in Force....Shen Rui, Zhu Wenzhong/158

B.9 China’sNational Image in Canadian Main stream Media Since 2014............................................ChenGuochang/178

B  Reports on Diplomacy Subjects

B.10 A Reportof Canada’s Diplomatic Situation and the Development of Sino-Canadian Relationship in 2014  Liu Dan/197

B.11 A Reviewof Canada’s Counter-terrorism Strategy....................................................................Tang Xiaosong/216

B.12 Canada’s Northern Strategy: Current Situation, Trends and Implication for China.............................ShenBenqiu/237

B  Appendix

B.13 Annual Reporton The Development of Canadian University’s Rankings.................................Zheng Chunsheng/257

B.14 The LatestResearch on Global Governance by Canadian Think Tanks.........................................Wang Xiaohai/272

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