Chinese mobilities in the age of transnational migration: Theorizing the triple glass effect from the experience of recent Chinese immigrants in Canada
Shibao Guo 郭世宝
University of Calgary, Canada
As the globalization of migration intensifies, an increasing number of Chinese have migrated to Canada as part of the global talent movement. Among them, many settled down in Calgary and Edmonton, Canada’s fourth and fifth largest destination cities for Chinese immigrants. In examining the economic integration of Chinese immigrants in Calgary and Edmonton, this study reveals that recent immigrants have encountered multi-faceted barriers, particularly in employment and language. Furthermore, they have experienced deskilling and devaluation of their prior learning and work experience after immigrating to Canada. Immigrants’ negative experience can be attributed to a triple glass effect consisting of a glass gate, glass door, and glass ceiling. While a glass gate denies immigrants’ entrance to guarded professional communities, a glass door blocks immigrants’ access to professional employment at high-wage firms. It is the glass ceiling which prevents immigrants from moving up to management positions because of their ethnic and cultural differences. This study calls for the adoption of an inclusive framework that works toward recognitive justice in balancing freedom of mobility with recognition and full membership in Canada.
Dr. Shibao Guo is Professor in the Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary, Canada. He specializes in Chinese immigrants in Canada, global talent mobility, comparative and international education, internationalization of education, and multicultural education. Currently he serves as President of the Canadian Ethnic Studies Association and is Co-Editor of Canadian Ethnic Studies. He is also Vice-President of Comparative and International Education Society of Canada, Co-Chair of the Research Standing Committee of the World Council of Comparative Education Societies, and Member of the Expert Advisory Committee of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council of China. He edits two book series published by Sense Publishers –Spotlight on China and Transnational Migration and Education.